Add to basket Add to wishlist Description The Hatfield-McCoy feud, the entertaining subject of comic strips, popular songs, movies, and television, has long been a part of American folklore and legend. Ironically, the extraordinary endurance of the myth that has grown up around the Hatfields and McCoys has obscured the consideration of the feud as a serious historical event. In this study, Altina Waller tells the real story of the Hatfields and McCoys and the Tug Valley of West Virginia and Kentucky, placing the feud in the context of community and regional change in the era of industrialization. Waller argues that the legendary feud was not an outgrowth of an inherently violent mountain culture but rather one manifestation of a contest for social and economic control between local people and outside industrial capitalists -- the Hatfields were defending community autonomy while the McCoys were allied with the forces of industrial capitalism.
Frost Since Appalachia lacks definite physiographical or topographical boundaries, there has been some disagreement over what exactly the region encompasses.
The most commonly used modern definition of Appalachia is the one initially defined by the Appalachian Regional Commission in and expanded over subsequent decades. Campbell published The Southern Highlander and His Homeland in which he modified Frost's map to include counties in 9 states.
A landmark survey of the region in the following decade by the United States Department of Agriculture defined the region as consisting of counties in 6 states. Historian John Alexander Williams, in his book Appalachia: The name was soon altered by the Spanish to Apalachee and used as a name for the tribe and region spreading well inland to the north.
Now spelled "Appalachian", it is the fourth oldest surviving European place-name in the U.
A competing and often more popular name was the " Allegheny Mountains ", "Alleghenies", and even "Alleghania. The occasional use of the "sh" sound for the "ch" in the last syllable in northern dialects was popularized by Appalachian Trail organizations in New England in the early 20th century.
The earliest discovered site is the Meadowcroft Rockshelter in Washington County, Pennsylvaniawhich some scientists claim is pre- Clovis culture. Several other Archaic period — BC archaeological sites have been identified in the region, such as the St.
In the 16th century, the de Soto and Juan Pardo expeditions explored the mountains of South Carolina, North Carolina, Tennessee, and Georgia, and encountered complex agrarian societies consisting of Muskogean-speaking inhabitants. De Soto indicated that much of the region west of the mountains was part of the domain of Coosaa paramount chiefdom centered around a village complex in northern Georgia.
The French based in modern-day Quebec also made inroads into the northern areas of the region in modern-day New York state and Pennsylvania. By the mid 18th century the French had outposts such as Fort Duquesne and Fort Le Boeuf controlling the access points of the Allegheny River valley and upper Ohio valley after exploration by Celeron de Bienville.
As lands in eastern Pennsylvania, the Tidewater region of Virginia and the Carolinas filled up, immigrants began pushing further and further westward into the Appalachian Mountains. A relatively large proportion of the early backcountry immigrants were Ulster Scots —later known as " Scotch-Irish "— who were seeking cheaper land and freedom from Quaker leaders, many of whom considered the Scotch-Irish "savages".
Others included Germans from the Palatinate region and English settlers from the Anglo-Scottish border country. Between andimmigrants trickled into western Pennsylvaniathe Shenandoah Valley area of Virginia, and western Maryland. Thomas Walker's discovery of Cumberland Gap in and the end of the French and Indian War in lured settlers deeper into the mountains, namely to upper east Tennesseenorthwestern North Carolina, upstate South Carolinaand central Kentucky.
Between anda series of treaties with the Cherokee and other Native American tribes opened up lands in north Georgianorth Alabamathe Tennessee Valleythe Cumberland Plateau regions, and the Great Smoky Mountains along what is now the Tennessee-North Carolina border.
Built around during the Cherokee—American warsit is located just south of Chuckey on the banks of the Nolichucky River. Appalachian frontiersmen have long been romanticized for their ruggedness and self-sufficiency.
A typical depiction of an Appalachian pioneer involves a hunter wearing a coonskin cap and buckskin clothingand sporting a long rifle and shoulder-strapped powder horn. Perhaps no single figure symbolizes the Appalachian pioneer more than Daniel Boone —a long hunter and surveyor instrumental in the early settlement of Kentucky and Tennessee.
Like Boone, Appalachian pioneers moved into areas largely separated from "civilization" by high mountain ridges, and had to fend for themselves against the elements. As many of these early settlers were living on Native American lands, attacks from Native American tribes were a continuous threat until the 19th century.
Frontiersmen often bickered with lowland and tidewater "elites" over taxes, sometimes to the point of armed revolts such as the Regulator Movement — in North Carolina. Two years later, a group of Appalachian frontiersmen known as the Overmountain Men routed British forces at the Battle of Kings Mountain after rejecting a call by the British to disarm.
Early 19th century[ edit ] In the early 19th century, the rift between the yeoman farmers of Appalachia and their wealthier lowland counterparts continued to grow, especially as the latter dominated most state legislatures.
People in Appalachia began to feel slighted over what they considered unfair taxation methods and lack of state funding for improvements especially for roads.In old England, if a king didn’t like you, he would cut off your head. Now, if they don’t like you, they’ll cut off your project!
As the Johnson Administration initiated its war on poverty in the s, the Mingo County Economic Opportunity Commission project was established in southern West Virginia. Appalachia (/ ˌ æ p ə ˈ l æ tʃ ə, -ˈ l eɪ tʃ ə /) is a cultural region in the Eastern United States that stretches from the Southern Tier of New York to northern Alabama and Georgia.
While the Appalachian Mountains stretch from Belle Isle in Canada to Cheaha Mountain in Alabama, the cultural region of Appalachia typically refers only to the central and southern portions of the range.
In , Perry Cline’s son, John S. Cline, filed an application for membership in the Sons of the American Revolution under his great-grandfather, Peter Cline.
Waller recounts the familiar story of these star-crossed families who lived on the banks of the Tug Fork bounding Kentucky and West Virginia--a region that was untouched by the forces of market capitalism sweeping the rest of the country.
Kirkus Reviews Home; Company History our editors select the one author and one book they believe to. Altina L. Waller, professor emerita of history at the University of Connecticut, is author of Reverend Beecher and Mrs.
Tilton: Sex and Class in Victorian America. Table of Contents AcknowledgmentsPrice: $ by Altina L. Waller The Hatfield-McCoy feud, the entertaining subject of comic strips, popular songs, movies, and television, has long been a part of American folklore and legend.
Ironically, the extraordinary endurance of the myth that has grown up around the Hatfields and McCoys has obscured the consideration of the feud as a serious.