Gija Joseon was purportedly founded in the 12th century BC, but its existence and role have been controversial in the modern era. Three of the commanderies fell or retreated westward within a few decades.
If you hurt someone's kibun you hurt their pride, cause them to lose dignity, and lose face. Korean interpersonal relationships operate on the principle of harmony. It is important to maintain a peaceful, comfortable atmosphere at all times, even if it means telling a "white lie".
It is important to know how to judge the state of someone else's kibun, how to avoid hurting it, and how to keep your own kibun at the same time. In business, a manager's kibun is damaged if his subordinates do not show proper respect.
A subordinate's kibun is damaged if his manager criticizes him in public. Nunchi is the ability to determine another person's kibun by using the eye.
Since this is a culture where social harmony is crucial, being able to judge another person's state of mind is critical to maintain the person's kibun. Nunchi is accomplished by watching body language and listening to the tone of voice as well as what is said.
Naming Conventions In South Korea names operate in the reverse of Western cultures; Family name surnamea second family name shared by all of that generation, and finally their given name. It is considered very impolite to address a Korean with his or her given name.
They should be addressed using their professional titles, or Mr, Mrs Etc, until permission is given otherwise. Koreans enjoy Western gifts and items so be prepared before leaving home If giving gifts be sure to wrap and present them in an attractive way.
If given the seat of honour looking at the front door it is polite to demonstrate a slight objection Elders are served first and begin the dining process Food and dining are important parts of Korean culture and are used to build relationships.
Women often pour for men but not for other women.
On occasion you may be asked to sing a solo after dinner. This is a symbol of death and is reserved only for writing the names of the deceased.
It is considered unlucky and suggests you wish death to the recipient Do not use the number four if at all possible — if giving gifts, do not give four of something.
Korean culture is profoundly influenced by Confucian principles and this pervades not only personal lives, but also business. Confucianism supports group harmony, respect for elders and authority, the importance of family, friendship and ancestors, and also, tradition.
Kibun equivalent to face, or honour is highly significant to Koreans and they will always attempt to maintain their Kibun, or personal dignity. Confrontation is to be avoided at all cost as once Kibun is lost it cannot be regained. In South Korea, good relationships are crucial to success both in personal and business circles, and these are assimilated within the business world.
To make the most of your business acumen you must also appear trustworthy, honourable and respectable in a social and business setting. Korean business is founded upon relationships; even large corporations are often family managed with members still acting in executive positions.
The Confucian principles regarding respect for age, family, rank and tradition have ensured the continuance of this system. There have been recent calls for reforms, due to economic downturns, in Korea but this will take time due to the entrenched systems in place.
Alongside the formal power structures in place within a company one must learn to recognise, and assess, the informal structures which may be based on long-standing family ties, personal relationships and allegiances.
Insight into these practises will ensure a greater comprehension of Korean business etiquette. Dress is conventional and conservative for both women and men Dark suits, white shirt and tie are accepted as the norm for men Suits, dresses, or blouse and skirt are acknowledged for women.
Trousers are not generally worn for business Women should avoid sleeveless, tight-fitting garments Colours should be understated and traditional Good quality accessories are accepted Be aware that winter can be very cold, and summer very hot, in South Korea Titles As discussed previously, Koreans have three names; they are used in order of surname, generation name, and then given name.
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INTRODUCTION TO COUNTRY.
South Korea is a country in East Asia, located on the southern portion of the Korean Peninsula. It is neighbored by the China . South Korea Introduction South Korea is one of the most dynamic countries in the world, South Korea has emerged from a chaotic history, and has rightfully ascended the ladder to become a world power.
South Korea: Centre for Intercultural Learning The Centre for Intercultural Learning (offered by Foreign Affairs, Trade, and Development Canada) offers resources related to developing and refining the intercultural skills vital to a successful international experience.
In May , Korea Aerospace Industries Ltd., South Korea's largest plane maker, signed a $ million deal to sell 16 T Golden Eagle trainer jets to Indonesia, making South Korea the first country in Asia to export supersonic jets. OVERVIEW OF SOUTH KOREA WOOD, WILLY 09, JULY, Introduction This paper is an analysis of the country of South Korea.
In May , Korea Aerospace Industries Ltd., South Korea's largest plane maker, signed a $ million deal to sell 16 T Golden Eagle trainer jets to Indonesia, making South Korea the first country in Asia to export supersonic jets. South Korea: Centre for Intercultural Learning The Centre for Intercultural Learning (offered by Foreign Affairs, Trade, and Development Canada) offers resources related to developing and refining the intercultural skills vital to a successful international experience. Whether visiting South Korea on business, for tourism or even hosting Korean colleagues or clients in your own country, this guide will help you understand your South Korean counterparts, improve communication and get the relationship off to the right start.
Using the operational variables of PMESII-PT this paper will identify the current situation in South Korea and the countries current issues.