New types of treatment are being tested in clinical trials. Treatment for bladder cancer may cause side effects.
Introduction What is cancer? Cancer is when cells in the body change and grow out of control.
Your body is made up of tiny building blocks called cells. Normal cells grow when your body needs them, and die when your body does not need them any longer. In most cancers, the abnormal cells grow to form a lump or mass called a tumor. If cancer cells are in the body long enough, they can grow into invade nearby areas.
They can even spread to other parts of the body metastasis. What is bladder cancer? The bladder is a hollow organ in the lower pelvis. Urine comes into the bladder through two tubes called the ureters. Each ureter is attached to a kidney. This is where urine is made.
Urine leaves the bladder through a tube called the urethra.
Bladder and urethra of a male left and female right One way to discuss bladder cancer is to describe what kind of cells it starts from. The bladder is made up of many layers of cells. Urothelial cells or transitional cells.
These cells make up the tissue that lines the inside of the bladder. This is called the urothelium. Cancer in this area is called urothelial carcinoma or transitional cell carcinoma TCC. These look like cells from the surface of the skin.
Cells that make up glands. This type of bladder cancer is called adenocarcinoma. Even rarer are cancers such as lymphoma, sarcoma, and small cell carcinoma can start in the bladder.
Another way to talk about bladder cancer is by how deeply it invades the muscle wall of the bladder. There are two main classifications for bladder cancer.
Nonmuscle invasive This is cancer that affects only the inner lining of the bladder. After treatment, nonmuscle invasive bladder cancer may come back, usually as another nonmuscle invasive cancer.
Muscle invasive This cancer affects deeper layers of the bladder. This may include the outer muscular wall and other tissues that are nearby. Invasive bladder cancer may spread to nearby organs.
These can include the kidneys, prostate gland in menand the uterus and vagina in women.
It may also spread to the lymph nodes. Lymph nodes are small, pea-sized storage units for special cells that fight infections. Almost all squamous cell bladder cancers and adenocarcinomas are invasive. Subtypes of transitional cell carcinomas TCCs may also be described as being either papillary or flat:Find help for acid reflux symptoms, treatment, causes, and prevention.
Learn more about Barrett's Esophagus and esophageal cancer. Like many forms of cancer, the symptoms of bladder cancer can mimic other forms of cancer and bladder conditions. According to the American Cancer Society, blood in the urine (or hematuria) is one of the most prevalent and early signs of this form of cancer.
November-December Volume 10 | Issue 6 Page Nos. Online since Thursday, January 11, Accessed 76, times. PDF access policy. Introduction Bladder cancer is the seventh most common cancer in the UK.
It is 3–4 times more common in men than in women. In the UK in , it was the fourth most common cancer in men and the thirteenth most common in women.
There were 10, people diagnosed with bladder cancer and deaths from bladder cancer in Seven Advantages of Squatting. Makes elimination faster, easier and more complete. This helps prevent "fecal stagnation," a prime factor in colon cancer, appendicitis and inflammatory bowel disease..
Protects the nerves that control the prostate, bladder and uterus from becoming stretched and damaged.. Securely seals the ileocecal valve, between the colon and the small intestine. DEVELOPMENT AND FUNCTION OF THE PROSTATE GLAND: The prostate is located in the male pelvis just below the metin2sell.comically, the prostate gland is in the same position as the female uterus.
The urethra, which carries both urine and semen, passes through the center of the prostate from where it extends to the head of the metin2sell.com main function of the prostate gland is to secrete seminal.