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Original territory[ edit ] In addition to Prussia proper, the original territory of the Old Prussians might have included eastern parts of Pomerelia some parts of the region east of the Vistula River. The language might have also been spoken much further east and south in what became Polesia and part of Podlasiewith the conquests by Rus and Poles starting in the 10th century and the German colonisation of the area that began in the 12th century.
It is related to the Eastern Baltic languages such as Lithuanian and Latvianand more distantly related to Slavic.
Old Prussian contained loanwords from Slavic languages e. Such immigration caused a slow decline in the use of Old Prussian, as the Prussians adopted the languages of their more recently arrived co-citizens, particularly German.
Baltic Old Prussian probably ceased to be spoken around the beginning of the 18th century due to many of its remaining speakers dying in the famines and bubonic plague epidemics which harrowed the East Prussian countryside and towns from until High Prussianalso a Germanic languagepreserved a number of Baltic Prussian words, such as kurp, from the Old Prussian kurpi, for shoe in contrast to common Low German Schoh standard German Schuh.
Until the s, when the National Socialist government of Germany began a program of Germanisationandwhen the Soviets and Poland annexed East Prussiaone could find Old Prussian river- and place-names there, such as Tawe and Tawellningken.
Lord's Prayer in Old Prussian from the so-called "1st Catechism" Thawe nuson kas tu asse Andangon, Swintits wirst twais Emmens; Twais Quaits audasseisin na Semmey, key Andangon; Nusan deininan Geittin deis numons schindeinan; Bha atwerpeis numans nuson Auschautins, kay mas atwerpimay nuson Auschautenikamans; Bha ny wedais mans Enperbandan; Sclait is rankeis mans assa Wargan.
The so-called Basel Epigram, the oldest written Prussian sentence Bitsbox provides monthly coding projects that teach gradeschoolers how to program apps. It's a code academy for kids. Old Prussian is an extinct Baltic language once spoken by the Old Prussians, the Baltic peoples of Prussia (not to be confused with the later and much larger German state of the same name)—after northeastern Poland, the Kaliningrad Oblast of Russia and southernmost part of Lithuania..
The language is called Old Prussian to avoid confusion with the German dialects Low Prussian and High. LearnEnglish Kids is brought to you by the British Council, the world's English teaching experts.
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