History[ edit ] From the 19th to midth centuries[ edit ] Karl Marx believed that science and democracy were the right and left hands of what he called the move from the realm of necessity to the realm of freedom. He argued that advances in science helped delegitimize the rule of kings and the power of the Christian Church. Radicals like Joseph Priestley pursued scientific investigation while advocating democracy. Robert OwenCharles Fourier and Henri de Saint-Simon in the early 19th century inspired communalists with their visions of a future scientific and technological evolution of humanity using reason.
But Rudolph wasn't always the star of the show—he didn't even exist untilwhile the rest of Santa's coursers have been around since Clement Moore's 'Twas the Night Before Christmas, which was written in Here are 12 other facts you might not know about the world's most famous reindeer.
Inexecs for the Montgomery Ward department store decided they needed a character for the freebie coloring books they were handing out to kids who visited Santa. That character ended up being Rudolph, who was an immediate hit with the kiddies.
Montgomery Ward gave out 2. May started the process in earlybut that summer, his wife died from cancer, leaving him a widower with a 4-year-old daughter.
Though his boss tried to reassign the project, May insisted on finishing it himself. He completed the story in August. Though Montgomery Ward could have kept the copyright for themselves, they handed it over to a financially struggling May in Other names were considered before May settled on the name we know today.
Rollo was rejected for sounding too sunny and happy; Reginald sounded too British. Romeo and Rodney were also in the running. In the story May told in that original coloring book, Santa finds Rudolph while delivering presents to the reindeer village. Dutiful Rudy leaves his parents a note, then helps save the day.
Instead of having a red, glowing nose that cut through the fog, May considered giving Rudolph large, headlight-like eyes that would light the way. Petteri is Rudy's Finnish counterpart.
The Finnish legend of Santa Claus a. Joulupukki doesn't name his reindeer the same way we do—Dasher, Dancer, Donner, and so on—so the beginning of the song doesn't start out the same way.
Instead of running through the laundry list of reindeer, the Finnish version translates to something like"You remember Cinderella, Snow White, and Sleeping Beauty, Little Red Riding Hood and the Grey Wolf, but this reindeer is often forgotten. At least he does according to the BBC.
They developed three cartoons based on Rudolph's offspring, but the name of Robbie's famous dad is never actually mentioned. The plot line tells us that the villain of the series, Blitzen, can't stand to hear Rudolph's name.
In reality, it's because the BBC couldn't get permission to use it or didn't want to pay to use it.
It was May's brother-in-law, Johnny Marks, who wrote the lyrics for the famous song; Gene Autry recorded it. Autry nearly passed on the tune, but his wife urged him to give it a shot. Since Autry recorded it, the tune has sold more than million copies.
That honor goes to Fleischer Studios, which copyrighted a cartoon in as more advertising for Montgomery Ward. When they resurfaced, they did so on Antiques Roadshow in Well, not all of them—just Santa and Rudolph.
Prior to that, she let her kids play with them.Dr. William H. Frist is the majority leader of the U.S. Senate and a cardiac-transplantation surgeon. He is the fifth cardiac surgeon and the first U.S. senator to deliver the Shattuck Lecture.
Technology: the progressives dream and the reactionary's nightmare. Advances in technology have been creating upheavals in society all the way back to the start of the Bronze age and further.. But things really shifted into high gear with the Industrial metin2sell.comlogy started industrializing the United States around , changing it from an agricultural society into a manufacturing.
Demolition Man is a utopian, science fiction, an action film directed by Marco Brambilla, starring Sylvester Stallone and Wesley Snipes.
It follows the adventures of two late 20th century convicts (wrongfully sentenced ex-cop and a super criminal) who were transported to the futuristic dystopian society.
A utopia (/ j uː ˈ t oʊ p i ə / yoo-TOH-pee-ə) is an imagined community or society that possesses highly desirable or nearly perfect qualities for its citizens.   The opposite of a utopia is a dystopia. Whereas the system of government is usually the means by which we, as readers, may identify whether or not a novel, story, etc is utopian, technology is oftentimes the vehicle by which a society may become utopian or the characters reach utopian society.
In a new book, two technologists paint a rosy portrait of our future, describing how cutting edge technology could benefit large industry--as long as humans don't muck it up in the mean time, that is.