State-approved teacher preparation programs at the graduate level are also available for individuals with non-teaching bachelor degrees interested in licensure at the Elementary, Middle, or Secondary school grade levels. Any changes resulting from these factors supersede the program requirements described in the catalog. Post-Baccalaureate Endorsement Teacher Education Programs The Post-Baccalaureate Endorsement program is an approved teacher education program for individuals who have completed a bachelor's degree from a regionally accredited institution and wish to qualify for a Virginia teaching license. Students applying for admission into this approved teacher education program are considered graduate non-degree status and must meet the college's requirements for admitting students into an approved teacher education program.
See also academic content standards. Academic Content Standards Academic content standards are developed by state departments of education to demonstrate what they expect all students to know and be able to do in the core content areas.
According to NCLBELL students "will meet the same challenging State academic content and student academic achievement standards as all children are expected to meet.
Academic English The English language ability required for academic achievement in context-reduced situations, such as classroom lectures and textbook reading assignments. Accommodation for English Language Learners Adapting language spoken or written to make it more understandable to second language learners.
Accommodation For Students With Disabilities Techniques and materials that allow individuals with LD to complete school or work tasks with greater ease and effectiveness. Examples include spellcheckers, tape recorders, and expanded time for completing assignments.
Accuracy The ability to recognize words correctly. Adequate Yearly Progress AYP An individual state's measure of yearly progress toward achieving state academic standards.
Affective Filter The affective filter is a metaphor that describes a learner's attitudes that affect the relative success of second language acquisition. Negative feelings such as lack of motivation, lack of self-confidence and learning anxiety act as filters that hinder and obstruct language learning.
This term is associated with linguist Stephen Krashen's Monitor Model of second language learning. Affix Part of word that is "fixed to" either the beginnings of words prefixes or the endings of words suffixes.
The word disrespectful has two affixes, a prefix dis- and a suffix -ful. Age Equivalent Score In a norm-referenced assessment, individual student's scores are reported relative to those of the norming population.
This can be done in a variety of ways, but one way is to report the average age of people who received the same score as the individual child.
Thus, an individual child's score is described as being the same as students that are younger, the same age, or older than that student e.
Alphabetic Principle The basic idea that written language is a code in which letters represent the sounds in spoken words. Americans With Disabilities Act ADA A federal law that gives civil rights protections to individuals with disabilities similar to those provided to individuals on the basis of race, color, sex, national origin, age, and religion.
It guarantees equal opportunity for individuals with disabilities in public accommodations, employment, transportation, state and local government services, and telecommunications. For more information, go to The Americans with Disabilities Act.
Analogy-based Phonics In this approach, students are taught to use parts of words they have already learned to read and decode words they don't know.
They apply this strategy when the words share similar parts in their spellings, for example, reading screen by analogy to green. Students may be taught a large set of key words for use in reading new words. Analytic Phonics In this approach, students learn to analyze letter-sound relationships in previously learned words.
They do not pronounce sounds in isolation. AMAOs indicate how much English language proficiency reading, writing, speaking, listening, and comprehension children served with Title III funds are expected to gain each year.Our library provides teachers with effective, research-based classroom strategies to help build and strengthen literacy skills in print awareness, phonological awareness, phonics, fluency, vocabulary, comprehension, and writing.
Visual literacy involves awareness of and reflection on what we experience when we view images, video, and other forms of multimedia. The possibility of integrating visual literacy skills with reading and writing literacies has huge implications for learning as well as for teaching.
3D Foundations, Riley Hall. We are a multidisciplinary department that offers degrees in three main academic areas. All our courses of study allow you to develop visual literacy and acquire the analytical and research skills required to conceptualize, fabricate, and evaluate works of art and design.
Surveying, Civil Engineering. any level surface, line, or point used as a reference in measuring elevations. Surveying. a basis for horizontal control surveys, consisting of the longitude and latitude of a certain point, the azimuth of a certain line from this point, and two constants used in .
As children listen to stories and learn to read, they learn subtle information about how print works. Print knowledge includes an understanding of letters and sounds, the left-to-right nature of reading, and recognizing that print differs from pictures.
Helping young children develop print knowledge can help them learn other critical literacy skills. Test measure: Measures student's awareness of the individual sounds in words. Purpose: Assesses phonological awareness, phonological memory, and rapid naming.
The CTOPP has 4 principal uses: (1) to identify individuals who are significantly below their peers in important phonological abilities, (2) to determine strengths and weaknesses among developed phonological processes, (3) to document an.